The Revolt or Upsurge of 1857 is aptly called a `War of Indian Independence' because of its power at being able to unite Indians of different religions and castes under a common banner for a common purpose. It set the platform from which future leaders who have shaped our modern India took lessons and ideas. Lines like `Angrezi hukumat khatam hui' and `Dilli Chalo' were first used in Meerut on the evening of 10th of May 1857, the point from which began the long drawn Indian freedom struggle. Gandhi understood from the failures of the battles of 1857 that the British can never be defeated militarily and the only way to bring them to their knees was through political confrontation using their own tools and ideas. The British formally arrived in Meerut in 1803 through a treaty that the they signed with the Marathas. When we come to the War of Independence of 1857, we come to a unique period of Indian history. The British had taken over large parts of the country through the activities of the East India Company. They had come and filled a void that had been created through the decline of the Mughal Empire. The decline of this central authority, the Mughal empire, led to the whole of the Meerut region reeling under disorder.The cantonment of Meerut was established in 1806. The British established this cantonment near the old walled city with very specific strategic interests, which cannot be elaborated here because of paucity of space. It would suffice to say that within no time it evolved into one of the most important British stations of Northern India and the Meerut cantonment became one of the largest military establishment of that time. In November 1856 new cartridges were issued to the troops to be used in the recently incorporated Enfield Rifles. Cartridges of that time had to be first bitten with the teeth before being loaded into guns. A rumor came round that the new cartridges had been greased with cow fat and pig's tallow. This was against the religion of both the Hindu and Muslim sepoys. The mixture of subversive propaganda of the leaders who had been plotting the revolt and the appearance of these new cartridges was the basic reason for that first revolt and India was never the same .